Kikuo Chishima

1899 - 1978

A Bio-Dialectic Approach to Biology & Medicine

Prof. Kikuo Chishima
"Most of the infectious diseases are not caused by the microorganism which intrude into the body from the outside, but mainly by the pathogenic microorganism which are spontaneously generated in the body when the body is in poor health or in low vitality. And there is plenty of evidence to show that those pathogenic microorganism are spontaneously generated in the human body. Most of the diseases which are called "epidemic" do not occur due mainly to the infection of bacteria or viruses, but, as a matter of fact, due to ill health, irregular habits, and the other circumstances including milieu. To sum up, we may say that pathogenic microorganism and viruses are not so much the cause of disease as the effect of disease."
"My findings and opinions are so widely and basically opposed to the orthodox biological and medical sciences that their practical application to human life has a great important meaning. Therefore my new theory may be at first, considered be a curious and doubtful heterodoxy by people. But I believe that if one reexamines it practically or theoretically one will find the that it is true."

Kikuo Chishima was born in the Gifu prefecture Kamitakara village Hongo, Japan, on October 10th 1899. He became a professor of the Gifu University in 1953, got a medical degree in 1958 from Toho Medical University, and became professor of the Nagoya University after his retirement from Gifu University in 1963. In 1964 he established, and became chairman of, the Society of Neo-Hematology. Chishima died on October 23rd 1978, 79 years old.

Prof. Chishima is the author of Chishima´s Complete Works Regarding Biological and Medical Sciences, a serial work of ten book volumes in Japanese language, covering more than 5500 pages, and published in Japan between 1971 and 1972. These volumes cover his fifty years of research, and include his complete works concerning the eight new fundamental and revolutional principles on the biological and medical sciences (see below). Also the practical application of these principles to health, prolongation of life, and daily living are discussed.

Only one of the books has been translated into English, volume nine: Revolution of Biology & Medical Science (Neo-Haematological Society Press, Gifu, Japan, 1972, 490 pages). The book contains the scores of his original papers and research. In its introduction Prof. Chishima wrote about the aims of the book:

Modern society which lays great emphasis on technological progress and making money, brought us startling material prosperity but lack of wisdom of the ultimate effect abusing them is bringing about many kinds of dangerous chemical pollution on our Earth, and mankind is faced with a critical moment. Moreover, it has changed people into economic animals and kept them at a distance from one another.
If we leave the matter as it is, this material trend will be promoted more and more, and, as a result, our mental decay and physical decline will be promoted more and more, too. It is essential that we should change our way of thinking on the view of value. Now modern material civilization is confronted with a turning-point in history.
We must change our thinking method (scientific methodology or logic) from the materialism, mechanism and formal logic to "bio-dialectic", designated by the present author, which is a dialectic unifying the body and mind, in other word, unifying material dialectic and spiritual dialectic.
It is generally believed that modern sciences, especially biological and medical sciences have attained to the marvelously advanced state. But we must not overlook the contradiction between the modern medical sciences and diseases. That is to say, the more medical sciences advances, the more patients suffering from incurable chronic diseases such as cancer, heart diseases, apoplexy and so on increase in number.
This suggests that modern Occidental medicine probably has some defects in its principles. According to my opinion, those defects may be attributed to the following two reasons; one is the inadequate thinking of life, that is formal logic, mechanism and materialism are taken. And another is the misunderstanding about blood, especially the origin and function of the red blood corpuscles.
In this book I will present my findings about these problems. Ranging from my first principle to the seventh principle, I will describe the fact that the haematopoietic organ is not the bone marrow but is the intestine villus, and that the red blood corpuscles hold the polypotency of their differentiating into all kind of somatic cells, even into the cancer cells or several other pathologic cells under the pathological conditions.
Even if such a heterodox theory may be considered an incredible one, I believe confidently that it is true, because it is based on positive facts and it coincides with a correct thinking (scientific methodology, bio-dialectic). Recently there appears a new tendency in the field of medical science, not only in Japan but also in Europe and America. This is the revaluation of the Oriental medicine which differs from the Occidental medicine on the following points:
  1. Emphasizing the harmony between mind and the body.
  2. Laying stress on the wholeness of an organism instead of the analytical thinking.
  3. Making more of prevention than treatment.
  4. Considering herbs rather than new chemically-synthesized remedies.
  5. Putting more value on the natural cure than the artificial remedies and surgical operation for certain chronic diseases.
In this book I intend to unify Oriental and Occidental medicines by picking up the merits, and throwing away the demerits included in them respectively.

Prof. Kikuo Chishima behind the microscope

Chishima's Eight Fundamental and Revolutional Principles

The first principle:

Red blood corpuscles with polipotency differentiate into all kinds of somatic cells and germ cells, in accordance with their cellular environmental conditions (milieu). (1932)

The second principle:

Reversible differentiation between the red blood corpuscles and the fixed cellular elements under the different nutritional conditions or the developmental stages. (1954)

The third principle:

Bacteria and viruses arise spontaneously from organic matter by means of the AFD process (Aggregation, Fusion and Differentiation). (1954)

The fourth principle:

Cells increase in number, mainly by the new-formation of them from organic matter but not by the so-called mitotic cell division. (1950)

The fifth principle:

Haematopoietic organ of the red corpuscle is not the bone marrow but the intestinal villus in the adult and the placental villus in the embryonic stage. (1954)

The sixth principle:

Orthodox genetics contains some basic mistakes. For instance, according to my finding, the germ cells such as spermatozoa and the ova arise newly from the somatic element, the red blood corpuscles. (1932)

The seventh principle:

Darwinism involves some important contradictions of the origin of life, the mutation theory, existence of microorganisms (amoebae, bacteria) which remained as they were without evolution, and then the negligence of symbiosis (mutual aid) as an important evolutional factor, etc. (1956)

The eighth principle:

I have presented a new scientific methodology, bio-dialectic instead of formal logic or material dialectic. (1959)

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Vol. 9 Contents

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Last updated: July 2003